Spotlight on Vitamins

Vitamins are organic substances that are generally classified as either fat soluble or water soluble. Vitamin A, D, E & K are fat-soluble vitamins which dissolve in fat and tend to accumulate in the body. Vitamin C, B6, B12 & folate are  water-soluble vitamins that must dissolve in water before they can be absorbed by the body, and therefore cannot be stored. Any water-soluble vitamins unused by the body are primarily lost through urine.  

Let’s discuss water soluble vitamins – Vitamin C, B6, B12 & folate ( Vitamin B9)

Vitamin C

Vitamin C, or ascorbic acid dissolves in water and is delivered to the body’s tissues but is not well stored, so it must be taken daily through food or supplements. Vitamin C plays a role in controlling infections and healing wounds, and is a powerful antioxidant that can neutralize harmful free radicals. It is needed to make collagen, a fibrous protein in connective tissue that is weaved throughout various systems in the body.

Fruits and vegetables are the best sources of this vitamin C, few of them are – Oranges , Kiwi , Lemon , Grapefruit, Bell peppers , Strawberries, Tomatoes, Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower .

Vitamin B6 

Vitamin B6, or pyridoxine, is a water-soluble vitamin found naturally in many foods, as well as added to foods and supplements. Vitamin B6 has been widely studied for its role in disease prevention. The vitamin in supplement form shows the most promise for the treatment of pregnancy-induced nausea, but such use should only occur under the supervision of a physician. Adequate blood levels of B6 may be associated with lower risk of cancers, compared to low blood levels.

Animal and plant foods are the best sources of this vitamin B6 – Beef liver, Tuna, Salmon, Fortified cereals, Chickpeas, Poultry, Dark leafy greens, Bananas, Papayas, Oranges.

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12, or cobalamin is needed to form red blood cells and DNA. It is also a key player in the function and development of brain and nerve cells. Vitamin B12 binds to the protein in the foods we eat. In the stomach, hydrochloric acid and enzymes unbind vitamin B12 into its free form. From there, vitamin B12 combines with a protein called intrinsic factor so that it can be absorbed further down in the small intestine.

Vitamin B12 is naturally found in animal foods – Fish, shellfish,Liver, Red meat, Eggs, Poultry, Dairy products such as milk, cheese, and yogurt, Enriched soy or rice milk.

Folate ( Folic Acid) – Vitamin B9

Folate is the natural form of vitamin B9, water-soluble and naturally found in many foods. It is also added to foods and sold as a supplement in the form of folic acid; this form is actually better absorbed than that from food sources.  Folate helps to form DNA and RNA and is involved in protein metabolism. It plays a key role in breaking down amino acids that can exert harmful effects in the body if it is present in high amounts. Folate is also needed to produce healthy red blood cells and is critical during periods of rapid growth, such as during pregnancy and fetal development.

A wide variety of foods naturally contain folate, but the form that is added to foods and supplements, folic acid, is better absorbed. Good sources of folate include: Dark green leafy vegetables – spinach, lettuce, asparagus, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, Beans, Peanuts, Sunflower seeds, Fresh fruits, Fruit juices, Whole grains, Liver, Seafood. 

At Tevos pharmaceutical, we aim to bring you premium quality products PDFLacto Powder, PDFsmart Powder CHOCOLATE, PDFsmart Powder KESAR  are great supplements to the vitamin requirements of your body.